Life in The Gambia
The Gambia a small fragile country in West Africa, is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranked 173rd out of 185 countries in 2019 by USA Today.
With a population of 2.1 million (2016) it is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa. Most of the population (57%) is concentrated around urban and peri-urban centers.
The Gambia’s small economy relies primarily on tourism, rain-dependent agriculture and remittances, and is vulnerable to external shocks.
Average life expectancy at birth is 61.4 years
One in every 29 children die before their first birthday
One in every 19 children die before their fifth birthday
Approximately 8% of children under the age of 18 years are orphaned with one or both parents not living
63% of households use shared toilet facilities
25% of households cook outside
54% of households still collect water on a daily basis and over 20% of households living in rural areas travel 30 minutes or more (round trip) to obtain drinking water
55% households have access to electricity, but....only 13% of rural homes have electricity
Personal hygiene facts:
• 81% of households have only water and no soap
• 39% of households have either no soap or water
• 13% of households have no water, soap, or cleansing agent
Height and weight status of children:
• 12% of children are wasted
•. 16% of children are underweight
•. 4% of children are severely underweight
•. Rural children are more likely to be underweight (21%) than urban children (11%)
•. Only 3% of children are overweight
• 26% of male children are stunted and 23% of female children